On Going Losses After Hysterectomy Et Causa Uterine Atony

Authors

  • Ridzki H. Sembada

Keywords:

Hemorrhage management, Pregnancy, Uterine atony

Abstract

Introduction: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an important cause of maternal mortality (MM) around the world. Seventy percent of the
PPH corresponds to uterine atony.
Background: Postpartum hemorrhages are obstetrical complications, which can rapidly become life threatening. They are defined as follows: a
blood loss of either more than 500 ml after vaginal delivery or more than 750 ml after a Cesarean section. This type of hemorrhage is described
as severe when the blood loss consists of more than 1500 mL, more than 500 mL/min, or when hemoglobin concentration drops by at least
4 g/dL. They can either be primary, when a blood loss of more than 500 mL occurs over the first 24 hours postdelivery, or secondary, when
excessive bleeding occurs between the first 24 hours and 12 weeks post-delivery.
Case A 28-year-old G1P1 postpartum with uncomplicated caesarian sectio, is readmitted to operating theatre four hours after delivery due
to increased vaginal bleeding. She reports that the bleeding began on the first hour after delivery and has increased in severity each subsequent
hour. The obstetrics team has ruled out uterine atony as the cause of bleeding.
Conclusion: Patients with severe hemorrhage and hypovolemic shock, the most important therapy is intravascular volume resuscitation, to
reduce the possibility of target organ damage and death. The current proposals of transfusion therapy in massive hemorrhage point is early
transfusion of blood products and use of fresh frozen plasma, in addition to packed red blood cells, to prevent maternal deaths.

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Published

2022-06-30

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Section

Articles

How to Cite

On Going Losses After Hysterectomy Et Causa Uterine Atony. (2022). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13(2), 119-121. https://pnrjournal.com/index.php/home/article/view/213