The Effect of Fetal Gender and Gravidity on Melasma of Pregnancy


  • Alaa A. Naif


Fetal gender, Gravidity, Melisma, Pregnancy.


Background Melasma is a common cause of consultations by dark-skinned patients at dermatology departments. However, few studies on
this condition have been done in Iraq.
Objective To investigate the relationship between gravidity and fetal gender on the one hand and the chloasma of pregnancy on the other
hand in the population.
Methods We collected date using structured self-administered questionnaire. A total of 50 female melasmic patients who were referred to
the hospital for a consultation and fulfill the criteria were included prospectively from April 2021 to August 2021. A cross –sectional study
was conducted
Results Our study showed 50% presented were a phototype III, 44% were a phototype IV and 6% were a phototype II. The mean of age was
34.32 + 5.12 years. About 70% of sample developed melasma at age above thirty. The association between melasma and gravidity showed
that a multigravida women constitute 96% and primigravida women constitute 4% of the sample. Furthermore, our study showed there was
a relationship between gender of the baby and melasma
Conclusion This study identified that melasma of pregnancy is more common in women who had a male fetus and a multigravida







How to Cite

The Effect of Fetal Gender and Gravidity on Melasma of Pregnancy. (2022). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13(1), 56-59.