Prevalence, Pattern, and Severity of Allergic Rhinitis among Children and Teenagers in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Study

Authors

  • Waleed Alhazmi

Keywords:

Asthma, Allergic rhinitis, Adolescents, Influenza, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated disorder triggered when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air which results in
sneezing, rhinorrhea, itching, as well as sleep disturbance. According to the statistics, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis has increased globally
in the last decades and is considered a global threat among preschoolers, schoolchildren, and adolescents. This study aims to measure the
prevalence, patterns, and severity of allergic rhinitis among children and teenagers in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study
was conducted among six to eighteen years old boys and girls living in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. A validated English questionnaire
was distributed among children and teenagers living in the Qassim region at any social gathering. The questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic characteristics and International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaires (ISAAC).Data were obtained from 620
responders. 51.3% of them have encountered problems with sneezing and a runny or blocked nose when they did not have a common cold
or influenza. The estimated prevalence of allergic rhinitis in the Qassim region was therefore 51.3%. This is the highest reported prevalence
across different regions in Saudi Arabia and represents a health issue. Regarding the severity of nasal symptoms and their impact on daily
activities, about 42.0% of the participants reported that their daily activities were moderate to severely affected by their allergic rhinitis.
Moderate to severe symptoms usually affect at least one aspect of daily activities such as sports, leisure, or work performance. 51.3% of the
children and teenagers in this study have allergic rhinitis or symptoms suggestive of it. Qassim region is one of the most affected regions with
the burden of this condition in Saudi Arabia. It is estimated that the number of undiagnosed and untreated cases exceeds what is reported.
The usual peak of allergic rhinitis was reported in June and August. Recognition and appropriate management of this disease will lead to
improvement of overall quality of life.

Downloads

Published

2022-01-30

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Prevalence, Pattern, and Severity of Allergic Rhinitis among Children and Teenagers in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Study. (2022). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13(1), 60-67. https://pnrjournal.com/index.php/home/article/view/187