A Cross-Sectional Study On Prevalence And Associated Risk Factors Of Scabies In School Children Of Pakistan

Authors

  • Ulfat Tahira , DR Abdul Wadood Jan , Dr Quratulain Memon , Dr Saeed Ullah , Dr Norina Jabeen , Dr Hamid Zafar , Dr Mubarik Ali

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2023.14.S01.24

Abstract

Scabies is an endemic and contagious skin disease caused by Sarcoptes scabiei in many tropical countries including Pakistan. It is estimated that more than 175 million people were infested with scabies throughout the world. It can have a significant impact on general health, causing illness and death not only as a direct result of its infestation, but also as a result of secondary bacterial infection. A cross sectional survey was conducted from August 2021 to December 2021 in private and government schools of KPK, Pakistan. The overall prevalence of scabies was 26.3%. Middle class male children were highly infested with scabies than primary and matric class female children. Overall, maximum prevalence was recorded on males than females. Children from villages (44.01%) were more likely to have scabies than those living in cities (26.85%). Lesions were usually distributed on more than one body region and most infested body part was finger. Scabies prevalence was higher among 9–12-year-olds compared to 5-8 and 13-16 years olds. The statistically significant difference between the presence of scabies and some sociodemographic characteristics (area of residence, age, and sex (p=0.01, p=0.006, and p=0.013, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference was recorded between scabies, the number of households and the family type (p=0.636, and p=0.462, respectively). The respondents which frequently washed their cloth and body found least affected by scabies than those who don’t care about their health and cleanliness. This is a significant scabies burden, which we believe justifies health-care intervention.

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Published

2023-01-01 — Updated on 2023-01-01

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Articles

How to Cite

A Cross-Sectional Study On Prevalence And Associated Risk Factors Of Scabies In School Children Of Pakistan. (2023). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 216-222. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2023.14.S01.24