Secondary bacterial infection in Adult Patients with COVID-19 in Iraq

Authors

  • Mustafa Awad
  • Shehab A. Lafi
  • Haitham Noaman

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.S01.43

Keywords:

COVID-19,Age, sputum, bacterial infections, lymphopenia.

Abstract

Background Secondary bacterial and fungal infections were the leading causes of patient mortality and morbidity in Iraqi patients infected with COVID-19. Damage to the respiratory system was caused by a viral infection that occurred later.
Aim of the study: This research set out to identify the specific bacteria that tend to infect people who have contracted the COVID-19 virus.
Patients and methods: Adult male and female patients with a secondary bacterial infection were included in this study from isolation hospitals in Baghdad and Anbar province. Patients had sputum samples and blood drawn to check for Coronavirus infections; sputum samples were sent to VITEK2 for a bacteriological investigation, which included the cultivation and identification of secondary bacterial infections. Sputum RT-PCR for the detection of Mycoplasma pneumonia. concentrations of procalcitonin (PCT) in blood samples.
Results: The symptoms of lymphopenia and neutrophilia with other parameters were present in seventy-four (74) patients, both male and female. It was found that 51.60 % of the bacteria were Gram-positive and 23.15 % were Gram-negative. It was found that (15.78%) of the isolates were from fungi. One patient (1.05%) had a negative isolation result for mycoplasma pneumonia out of eight patients (8.42%) who tested positive.
Conclusion: Staphylococcus aureus was the most common bacteria found in our research, while Enterobacter aerogenes was the least. Our research showed that neutrophils and lymphocytes are inversely related.

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Published

2022-09-15

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Section

Articles

How to Cite

Secondary bacterial infection in Adult Patients with COVID-19 in Iraq. (2022). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 349-355. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.S01.43