Evaluation of Macrocytic Anemia in a tertiary care hospital in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Authors

  • Dr. Madhura Moitra
  • Dr. Suresh R
  • Dr. Eswari V

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.03.125

Keywords:

Macrocytic anemia, Mean corpuscular volume(MCV), Alcoholism, Peripheral blood smear.

Abstract

Introduction: Macrocytosis is used to describe large erythrocytes with a Mean Corpuscular Volume(MCV) of >101fl. There are a number
of causes with characteristic haematological, biochemical and bone marrow findings which lead to macrocytic anemia.
Materials and Methods: We conducted an observational study of 62 cases in the Hematology Laboratory, at a tertiary care hospital in
Kanchipuram with the aim to identify and evaluate macrocytic anemia and the underlying causes in routine hemograms and peripheral blood
smears and correlate with the accompanying haematological features along with biochemical and bone marrow studies done in selected
cases.
Results: Out of 62 cases received during the study period, Alcoholic Liver Disease emerged as the most common underlying cause (21
cases), followed by Hypothyroidism (16 cases) , Non-Alcoholic Liver Disease (11 cases), Vitamin B12 deficiency (9 cases) and drugrelated causes (5 cases). Macrocytes were overall the most common peripheral blood smear finding accompanied by macro-ovalocytes and
hypersegmented neutrophils in cases of Vitamin B12 deficiency.
Conclusions: Macrocytic anemia is commonly seen in alcoholic as well as several non-alcoholic cases, which should be fairly evaluated for
further treatment and prevention.

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Published

2022-10-02

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Articles

How to Cite

Evaluation of Macrocytic Anemia in a tertiary care hospital in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. (2022). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13(3), 839-843. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.03.125