Serum Vitamin D Level And Markers Of Severity Of Children With Asthma In Kosovo
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder. Observational studies have shown that vitamin D level (low level) is connected with bad lung function and poor asthma control in children with asthma. In this study, vitamin D level in children with asthma from Kosovo concerning anthropometric and biochemical characteristics (IgE, Calcium, Phosphor, ALT, and CPR) was assessed. We have compared it with healthy children.
Material and Methods: The research project started in September 2019 and was completed in May 2020. All patients are diagnosed at the University Clinical Center-Prishtina, Kosovo. Children with asthma (n=51; age 6-16 years) were assessed for serum of vitamin D levels and body anthropometrics (weight, height, and body mass index [BMI]).
Results: Children had vitamin D levels under 30nmol/L (deficiency); eight children had vitamin D levels 30 nmol/L (insufficiency); 2 children had vitamin D levels between 30-100 nmol/L (sufficiency).
Conclusion: In conclusion, we can say that t-tests do not show statistical significance for sufficiency, insufficiency, and deficiency between the children with asthma and healthy children. From biochemical characteristics, the statistical significance for ALP (P<0.01) was found. Vitamin D screening and supplementation for children with asthma are recommended.