Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises As A Treatment For Urinary Incontinence In Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial Conducted Among NCR Population
Background: The present study was conducted for evaluating the efficacy of Pelvic Floor Muscle (PFM) Exercises as a Treatment for Urinary Incontinence in Postmenopausal Women.
Materials & methods: A total of 100 subjects were enrolled in the present study. Complete demographic and clinical details of all the patients was obtained. All the 100 subjects were of post-menopausal status and were of more than 55 years. Only those patients were enrolled which had history of UI (Urinary Incontinence). All the subjects received Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises. The primary outcome measure was number of leakage episodes on the 7-day bladder diary, assessed at baseline and after treatment. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: Mean age and mean BMI of the patients was 59.1 years and 23.7 Kg/m2. Type of incontinence was mixed stress and urge in 72 percent of the patients. Mean time to primary response at baseline, 3 months postintervention and one-year postintervention was 8.1, 3.2 and 1.8 respectively. Significant improvement was seen at different successive time intervals.
Conclusion: PFM exercise is a highly recommended intervention to treat urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women