A Significance On The Importance Of Mujāhadah Al-Nafs, Mental Illness And Mindfulness Among University Students Based On Islamic Views
The social problems among university students nowadays are increasingly worsening and worrying all parties concerned. This is due to the lack of religious and spiritual appreciation among society. This phenomenon, if not contained, will have a negative impact on the well-being of the community, the family institution and the university student’s character. Mindfulness in Islam is akin to muqarabah, which refers to an individual’s practices in a situation where he has completely surrendered himself to Allah SWT. A person who has forgotten Allah S.W.T and doing Allah S.W.T 's prohibition will suffer two types of punishments for his actions as mentioned on above verses. Allah S.W.T will disregard his servant. He will not help his servant to gain a happiness in this world and will just let his servant suffer in their difficulty. Allah S.W.T will make they forget about their true self. The objective of this study is to examine the Islamic spiritual approach based on mystical concepts developed by tasawuf scholars. This study also aimed to identify the forms of personality disorders among university students and the spiritual approach treatment used to overcome the problems. In addition, the study also aimed to analyze the implications of the spiritual treatment approaches used on among university students. This was a qualitative study that applied the case study design comprising interviews as well as several other methods such as document analysis and questionnaires. The instruments used were interview protocol and questionnaire. Data from interviews were analyzed using the manual and Nvivo 12 software. The manual method covered the process of transcription, reduction, coding and data display. Whereas the data from the questionnaire were analyzed descriptively using SPSS 23.0. The results showed that there were 22 types of problematic behaviors exhibited by university students. This negative phenomenon requires a solution. The findings also indicated that there are several spiritual treatment approaches used among university students, such as prayers, reciting the al-Quran, fasting, zikir, self-reflection and religious classes. The implication is that the treatment creates awareness among the trainees and convinces them to abstain from negative elements that cause their problematic behavior.