Problems Of Issuance And Impact Of Forest Area Transfer Function Permits Based On The Principle Of Good Governance (Flood Study In South Kalimantan In 2021)
In the event of a flood that hit the South Kalimantan region in early 2021, there were accusations that the cause of the flooding that hit was apart from the weather anomaly and high-intensity rainfall, namely the massive factor of the conversion of forest areas to other areas. This study uses socio-legal research. The results of the research obtained were that there were no licensing instruments issued by parties who had the authority to issue permits for the conversion of forest areas to designated oil palm areas, especially in the Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency area. Based on the data, regarding the area of oil palm plantations in Hulu Sungai Tengah there are none but the findings in the results of interviews are that many shifting cultivation fields are cultivated by the people in the upstream area and are not based on the legality of licensing instruments issued by the authorities in the field of licensing because they serve as a livelihood for the community. So that the occurrence of major floods that hit South Kalimantan in 2021 due to the conversion of the function of forest areas, especially in the Upper Middle River Region to an oil palm plantation area, is baseless.