The Behavior Of Productive Horses While Applying Various Communication Channels In The Republic Of Kazakhstan
The article presents data on herd horses behavior using various communication systems. The object of the study was Kazakh horses of the jabe type, bred in SAUMAL ASTANA farm in Akmola region, Kazakhstan. The farm has installed 4 communication systems, including GPS trackers from Globalstar Smart One C and SPOT Trace on horses of the Kazakh breed of the Zhabe type, of different sexes. Tracking devices were installed on 3 shoals of stud stallions, 5 leader mares and young animals. The trackers were attached to the horses' necks using a collar. Horses actively grazed from 06.00 PM 06:00 AM, while the horses, depending on the time of year and air temperature, traveled from 3400 to 5800 meters during grazing. Also, with the help of the tracker, it was revealed that at night, in relatively warm weather, horses grazed for 12-14 hours, rested and moved without grazing for 1.5-2 hours, mainly for watering.
In general, remote control of the location of horses on pastures made it possible to conduct round-the-clock monitoring of the behavior of herd leaders, determine the grazing area and movement routes on pastures by seasons based on the data obtained, draw up a map of year-round pasture turnover.