Comprehensive Clinical Assessment Of Relationship Of Oral Hygiene & Peri Implantitis: An Original Research Study
Background and Aim: Implant therapy is extremely recommended treatment option for partially and completely edentulous patients and it is being practiced worldwide. Since implant rehabilitation is highly technique sensitive and requires strict sterilization, complications are regularly seen. This study aimed to comprehensively and clinically assess the relationship of oral hygiene & peri implantitis.
Materials and Methods: This study included both male and female patients of 35-55 years by systematic sampling method in. Patients in which single mandibular implant placed were studied. The group 1 considered as control group and group 2 considered as study group. In group 1, no apparent sign of periodontal disease and attachment loss was noticed in natural teeth. In group 2, evident signs of periodontitis were noticed around natural teeth. Group 1 and group 2 consisted of 25 patients each exactly. All data was sent for statistical analysis for further analysis and interpretations. P value less than 0.05 was taken as significant.
Statistical Analysis & Results: All the related data were sent for basic statistical analysis using software. In the first age group of 35-40 years, total 12 patients were seen. P value was highly significant for this group (0.02). In group 1 total 22 cases were found healthy or non-diseased while 3 cases were showing clear signs of Peri-Implantitis. P value was highly significant for 22 non-diseased implants (0.01). For group 2, total 16 cases were found healthy or non-diseased while 9 cases were showing clear signs of Peri-Implantitis. P value was highly significant for 16 non-diseased implants (0.02). Comparison among the 2 study groups using one-way ANOVA showed highly significant p value for this association (0.001).
Conclusion: Authors concluded that oral hygiene is a crucial factor in the long life of implant. Additionally, diseases like periodontal problems directly affect the overall healthy status of tissues around implant. Ultimately it leads to peri-implantitis and associated clinical problems. Therefore, there is direct and obvious harmful relationship between poor oral hygiene and implant.