Assessment Of ECG Findings In CKD Patients: An Observational Study
Background: The present study was conducted for assessing electrocardiographic (ECG) findings in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.Materials & Methods: A total of 50 CKD patients were enrolled. Complete demographic and clinical details of all the patients was obtained. Blood samples were obtained and renal profile was evaluated. Classification of CKD patients was done according to CKD grading. ECG findings was recorded in all the CKD patients. Correlation of ECG findings with severity grading of all the patients was done. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS software. Chi-square test was used for evaluation of level of significance.Results: 56 percent and 36 percent of the patients were of CKD staging 3 and 4 respectively. Overall, LVH (left ventricular hypertrophy), LAE (Left atrial enlargement), ischemic changes and arrythmias were seen in 56 percent, 50 percent, 20 percent and 16 percent of the patients respectively. Significant correlation was seen while correlating ECG findings with severity grading of CKD. Conclusion: CKD patients are associated with significant ECG changes; thus, highlighting the presence of various cardiovascular adverse events associated with CKD. These findings highlight the clinical and public health importance of chronic renal insufficiency.