A Systematic Review of Green Human Resource Management: Practices for Business Sustainability Development
Although green human resource management (GHRM) has garnered more attention, even though the field is still in the infancy stage and has been growing, conceptual clarity has not yet been gained. A key component of firms' sustainable development plans is green human resource management (GHRM), which is currently regarded as a research trend. There is currently a research deficit in the systematization and integration of the current GHRM-related knowledge to provide specific future initiatives. A systematic review of GHRM from 2015 to 2022 was done by analyzing different research papers and articles. The results revealed that rapid research growth in this topic is observed in developing countries, and many organizations shift their policies from the traditional HRM approach to Green HRM. Despite this, there is still a need for a general agreement concerning its definition, measurement, and conceptualization. Regarding its conceptual development, according to Reicher’s and Schneider’s three-stage model of the evolution of constructs GHRM fits in the second stage of development (evaluation and argumentation). Further research is required to investigate the hurdles in the implementation of GHRM policies and to improve employee performance in terms of sustainability.