Challenges Faced by Hilly Hospitals During Covid-19 Second Wave Disaster: Quantitative Study in Garhwal Region, Uttarakhand
Covid -19 second wave was considered a disaster in India as it was more havoc than the first one. Shortness of breath in patients leads to more demand for oxygen and hospitalization. So, there was a challenge for the hospitals to combat this disease. In the covid second wave, moderate to severe cases were treated at three hospital levels (CHC, Sub-district, and District hospital). This disease was not limited to bigger cities but spread to rural and hilly areas. We conducted quantitative research among government hospitals in five hilly districts of Uttarakhand at three levels of hospitals. Data were collected from a close-ended questionnaire using a judgmental sampling technique and analysed with the help of tables and bar charts. Questions were set based on the pilot study. The challenges explored through this study were divided into five main headings and eleven sub-headings. The main headings were Manpower, Surge capacity, logistics, coordination, and management of non-covid patients. Sub-headings were a shortage of medical staff, shortage of paramedical staff, shortage of sweepers, shortage of ambulance drivers, shortage of ICU beds, shortage of oxygen beds, shortage of covid drugs (Remdesivir and Steroids), oxygen cylinders, PPE kits, difficulty in coordination with staff and difficulty in managing non- covid patients.