FIRE MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF BUILDING EVACUATION

Authors

  • Annapurna Bharti , Rajasekaran G

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.S10.065

Abstract

Increasingly more academic institutions are built in towns, but on the identical time fireplace safety requirements of those homes are very critical too. On this present work, distinct fire features for classroom model of school building in fireplace accident has been studied. Single school building fire may additionally motive a large range of fatalities because of the feasible excessive variety of human beings involved in it. In this study, the (CFD) computational fluid dynamics - FDS software method is used to predict the fire dynamics in a classroom of a school building. The dimension of classroom model used in this study measures 10m in length, 7m in breadth and 4m in ceiling height, which is same as the dimension of the selected classroom of the school. Essential aspects of fire features were investigated which include temperature distribution, heat release rate and smoke propagation. The simulation suggests that heat release rate could be very excessive, and also temperature rises to a very high value ensuing in an uncontrollable fire circumstance. The smoke produced through the burning of wood substances of tables, chairs, green boards and display boards leads to poor or no visibility, further making hard for occupants to escape. Effects obtained are important for production or improving fire safety necessities in classroom of school buildings. The result can also be beneficial for fireplace danger assessment and layout of evacuation system in educational institutions.

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Published

2022-12-31 — Updated on 2022-12-31

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Articles

How to Cite

FIRE MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF BUILDING EVACUATION. (2022). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 620-626. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.S10.065