The Impact Of A Positive Thinking Development Program To Reduce Intellectual Extremism


  • Dr. Sobhia Ahmed Abdelkader



The current study aimed to verify the effectiveness of a psychological guidance program in developing positive thinking among a sample of high school adolescents and its effect on reducing their intellectual extremism. The basic study sample consisted of 45 male and female high school adolescents with high intellectual extremism in the eastern region of Cairo Governorate in the academic year 2021-2022, whose ages ranged between 16-17 years with an average of 16.400 years and a standard deviation of 0.495. They were divided into two groups, one experimental group of 23 males and females, and the other control group of 22 males and females. By applying the Cattell intelligence test "Third Edition Picture (b)" prepared by Foad Abu Hatab, Amal Sadik and Mustafa Abdel-Aziz (2005), the Economic Social Level Scale for the Family prepared by Abdel-Aziz Al-Shakhs (2013), as well as the Positive Thinking Scale and Intellectual Extremism Scale for high school adolescents, and the Psychological Guidance Program for Developing Positive Thinking and Reducing Intellectual Extremism, all prepared by the researcher, the study found the psychological guidance program to be effective in developing positive thinking among the experimental group of high school adolescents, as well as reducing their intellectual extremism.



2022-12-31 — Updated on 2022-12-31

How to Cite

Dr. Sobhia Ahmed Abdelkader. (2022). The Impact Of A Positive Thinking Development Program To Reduce Intellectual Extremism. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 8157–8168.