Relationship between Dysrhythmia Occurrence and Type of Surgery among Patients post Cardiac Surgery
Keywords:dysrhythmia, Type of Surgery, Cardiac Surgery.
Background: A dysrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat that has been described as fluttering, racing, or skipping a beat. Other symptoms include dizziness, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, chest discomfort, sweating, and fainting. Some people, on the other hand, have no symptoms and are astonished when a dysrhythmia is identified during a normal check-up with a doctor.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design adopted from 31th October 2021 to 13th July 2022 to achieve the objectives of the present study. The sample size was (100) patients (males and females), out of those participants (12) patients were excluded from the study sample.
Results: (23%) patients presented with dysrhythmia post open heart surgery, high percentage were tachycardia occurred in (6%) patients, atrial fibrillation appeared in (5%) patients, and (3%) patients presented with premature ventricular contraction, (2%) of patient appeared right bundle branch block, 1st degree AV Block and Asystole respectively. While (1%) Left bundle branch block, Atrial Flutter and Ventricular Fibrillation respectively.
Conclusion: Postoperative dysrhythmias are common in heart surgery patients. Tachycardia and atrial fibrillation are the most common postoperative dysrhythmias. The treatment's general difficulties are similar to those advised in other situations. Finally, due to conduction system stress, Bradyarrhythmias are usually reported after cardiac surgery. Although conduction abnormalities frequently resolve on their own, permanent pacemaker implantation may be necessary.