Knowledge and Practice Regarding Intramuscular Injection Administration among Nursing Students
Keywords:Simulator, Knowledge, Practice, Nursing Students, Intramuscular Injection Administration.
Introduction: Intramuscular injections are the most effective route of administration for medicine in the clinical settings. This is most effective than subcutaneous injections ,which is a drug administration route that is right below the dermis and epidermis layer, is due to the increased vascular supply that is available in muscle tissue, providing ideal absorption of the drug being administered. There are challenges if IM injection misses the muscle and is not deposited in the fat, resulting in some or all of the medicine being wasted. Moreover, side effects of the IM injection administration are swelling redness, redness, tingling or numbness, drainage at the injection site, prolonged bleeding if a blood vessels is ruptured, and possibly some pain. Therefore, it’s vital to utilize injection stimulators to practice the skill away from patients.
Aim: this study aimed to Knowledge and Practice Regarding Intramuscular Injection Administration among 2nd year Basic B.Sc. Nursing Students.
Objectives: 1. To assess the knowledge and practice before and after planned teaching program regarding intra muscular injection administration among 2nd year Basic BSc nursing students. 2. To compare knowledge and practice score before and after planned teaching program regarding intra muscular injection administration among 2nd year Basic BSc nursing students. 3. To find out significant association between knowledge and practice score among 2nd year Basic BSc nursing students with their selected demographic variables.
Hypothesis: H1- The mean post test knowledge score of 2nd year Basic BSc nursing students on IM injection administration will be significantly higher than the mean pretest knowledge score regarding IM administration at 0.05 level of significant after administration of PTP. H2-There will be a significant association between pretest knowledge score and selected socio demographic variable at 0.05 level of significant. H3 -There will be a significant association between pretest practice score and selected socio demographic variable at 0.05 level of significant.
Materials and Methods: This research is carried out using quantitative research approach. In which descriptive type design was used. In this research 100 sample to be taken out using convenient sampling technique. This sample consists of 100 second year Basic B.Sc. nursing students of selected colleges of Kheda district .The socio Demographic data were collected using a self-structured questionnaires .The questionnaires and checklist was used to assess knowledge and practice regarding intramuscular injection. The data collection tool consist of 3 sections namely the participant’s demographic details, knowledge assessment tool (20 items), practice checklist (15 items). Participants detail included age, gender, and religion, area of residency, academic performance and previous training regarding IM injection administration. The knowledge questionnaire consist of 20 items to assess knowledge on IM administration. The practice checklist consist 15 items to assess practice regarding IM administration.
Results: As per pre-test, 94% 2nd year Basic B.Sc. Nursing students have inadequate level of knowledge towards the intra muscular injection administration. On the other hand in case of practice 55% of students have poor while 45% of students have moderate level of practice. As per post-test, 13%, 57% and 30% of 2nd year Basic B.Sc. Nursing students have inadequate, moderate and adequate level of knowledge towards the intra muscular injection administration respectively. On the other hand, in case of practice 21% students have moderate and 79% of students have good level of practice.
Conclusion: the current research study designated to assess the Knowledge and Practice regarding Intramuscular Injection Administration among 2nd year basic BSc Nursing Students. Majority of Students in Practice had poor practice in pretest while in posttest 79% of students having good practice. Majority of Students in Knowledge had poor practice in pretest while in posttest 57% of students having Moderate Knowledge.