Comparing Chemical Composition And Mineral Content Of Zamzam Water With Tap Water And Well Water Kurdistan Region

Authors

  • Nashmil A. Abdul and Chalak Ahmed karim

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.S09.284

Abstract

Many Muslims drink Zamzam water for medicinal or religious use. Millions of pilgrims drink it and take bottles of it to their countries of origin. There are not enough scientific studies on Zamzam water. This study will provide basic information about some of the elements content of Zamzam water and the use of modern laboratories and equipment. The data will help us understand the sources of pollution under discussion and the reactions at the local and international levels and will shed light on the potential healing power of Zamzam water. The authors are interested in researching and studying more deeply about Zamzam water based on the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad and science. Some samples of tap water and Zamzam water, as well as one sample from the tap, were analyzed according to standard methods (APHA) for their chemical components (TDS, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Ni). The results were compared with WHO and EPA guidelines for drinking water quality. All parameters analyzed were below the maximum permissible limits (MAL) of WHO and EPA (p˃0.05), except for TDS. The average TDS values (669 mg L in Zamzam water and 340 mg L in tap water and 820 mg L in well water) were lower than the WHO MAL (1000 mg L-1) but exceeded the Agency for Protection limit Environment (500 mg L-1) (p ˂ 0.05) We conclude from these results that Zamzam water has no sign of pollution and is non-toxic.

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Published

2022-11-23 — Updated on 2022-11-23

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How to Cite

Nashmil A. Abdul and Chalak Ahmed karim. (2022). Comparing Chemical Composition And Mineral Content Of Zamzam Water With Tap Water And Well Water Kurdistan Region. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 2399–2404. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2022.13.S09.284

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