Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ¦ Volume 13 ¦ Special Issue 9 ¦ 2022 1854 Christian Missionaries and the Politics of Western Education in Princely Kashmir
Keywords:Evangelise; Missionaries; Patshalas; Madrasas; Western Education.
Kashmir was regarded as a great seat of Sanskrit learning. With the coming of Muslims in valley Persian began to dominate the panorama and eventually became the court language. But soon education began to lose its ground with the subsequent rulers. Kashmir was lagging behind in Modern education in the subcontinent. Modern education came to Kashmir only with the advent of Christian missionaries. This paper will scrutinize the origin and development of education in Kashmir. But the focal point of this paper will be to analyze the educational measures initiated by missionaries in the second half of nineteenth century. It will also investigate the state and its subject’s response to Christian missionary’s activities in Kashmir. This period was a noteworthy period in the history of Kashmir on account of various social, economic and political developments. Despite setbacks, missionaries in Kashmir were successful in modernising the education system, though enrollment in mission schools was restricted to the region's elite, particularly the Pandits. The number of people who decided to become Christians was surprisingly low.