Prevalence of perceived morbidity in geriatric population of rural India
Keywords:Rural, geriatric, morbidity, prevalence.
Background: The marginalisation of elderly individuals living in rural India is largely due to a number of important factors, including the gradual nuclearization of the family system, economic moral decline, adjustments in the system of values, youth migration to urban areas in search of employment, and rising female labour force participation
Aim: This study was carried out to analyse prevalence of perceived morbidity in geriatric population of rural India.
Methods and materials: 440 geriatric subjects aged 60 years and above present rural population were included in the study. Where there are more than one geriatric subjects present in the house, only one was included, preferably the elder one. Verbal consent of geriatric person was sought in the selected house. If this person did not give consent next enlisted house with geriatric was visited. Age of subject was confirmed by further interview and study of available records. If selected subject was not present during the first visit the house was marked and planned for second visit. After ensuring the confidentiality and building a rapport, an interview and examination of the subject was done and information was recorded on a predesigned questionnaire. Height, weight, general and systemic examination findings were recorded using standard technique and instruments. Female subjects were interviewed and examined in presence of a public health nurse, female intern or lady of the house.
Results: The five major morbidities among geriatric patients were cataract (46.81%), arthritis (40.45%), hypertension (30.22%), diabetes (29.54), isomnia (18.18%), IHD(18.41%). (table 1). in 81.59% of elderly there were no complaints of cardio-vascular system and 18.41% of elderly had complaints of Cardiovascular system. (table 2, graph 1). 30.22% of elderly were found to be Hypertensive and 69.78% of elderly were found to be Non Hypertensive. (table 3, graph 2). It is seen that 59.55% of elderly were having no complaints of locomotor system and 40.45% of elderly were complain of Locomotor System
Conclusion: The geriatric population of rural India is having significant perceived morbidity with the five major morbidities among geriatric patients were cataract, arthritis , hypertension, diabetes, isomnia , ischaemic heart disease.
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