QUALITY OF LIFE MODEL IN HYPERTENSION PATIENTS
Keywords:Hypertension, Quality of life, health literacy, self-efficacy, family support.
Objective: Hypertension is one of the significant public health problems worldwide, and its prevalence is increasing rapidly among
developing countries. A person with hypertension will experience a decreased quality of life, depression and reduced self-efficacy. High
health literacy displays more positive health behaviours and has higher self-efficacy. This study is to develop an equation model influenced
by family support, health literacy and self-efficacy on the quality of life of people with hypertension.
Method: This type of research is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional study design, with a sample size of 50.7% of the total population
with hypertension. Data analysis using SEM, namely Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)
Results: Family support has a negative relationship with Health Literacy, with the original sample value -0.540 and an alpha value of 0.000
<0.05. Family support is positively related to self-efficacy, with the original sample value of 0.531. An alpha value of 0.000 <0.005. Health
Literacy is not related to self-efficacy, with the original sample value of -0.125 and an alpha value of 0.095 > 0.05. Self-efficacy is positively
related to the quality of life with the original sample value of 0.777 and an alpha value of 0.000 <0.05.
Conclusion: Family support affects self-efficacy and is not directly related to health literacy. Self-efficacy is directly related to the quality
of life. Meanwhile, family support is indirectly related to the quality of life. This model shows that self-efficacy is crucial for the relationship
between family support and family support. It is recommended to the Puskesmas, in this case, the Polaris program to conduct training for