A Study of the Factors Related to Screening of Cervical Cancer of Women in Ardabil Health Centers
Keywords:screening test, women, cancer, cervix.
Background and aims: Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer in women after breast cancer. By prevention and using prevention methods, its development and the resultant morality rate will no doubt decrease. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the related causes through screening of cervical cancer of women in Ardabil, Iran.
Methodology: In this descriptive-analytic study, 300 women coming to health centers in Ardabil were selected through multi-step sampling. The data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire composed of two parts, including knowledge and attitude questions, and a form to be filled with demographic information, family details, socioeconomic status, and midwifery-obstetrics risk factors. The data were analyzed by SPSS ver. 16 using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Findings: The rate of cervical cancer screening was found to be 25.3%. There was a significant relationship between cervical cancer screening and educational level (p < .001) and the history of sexual diseases. We could not observe a significant relationship between the test and insurance, smoking history, the age of the first marriage, and the number of marriages by each subject (p > .05).
Conclusion: With an eye on some crucial factors and their role in taking screening tests and an understanding of inaction regarding preventive practices, attention to other barriers and removing them is emphasized.