PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BMI AND BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG UNDERPRIVILAGED TRIBAL POPULATION IN KANCEEPURAM DISTRICT
Keywords:Blood Pressure, Tribal population, biometric measurements.
Background: Global epidemic of hypertension is largely uncontrolled, Hypertension is the leading cause of death among non-communicable diseases worldwide. Several criteria was used to assess the prevalence of hypertension among tribal population.Aims and objectives: This study aim to assess the prevalence of hypertension among tribal population Materials and methods: Cross sectional study design, multi stage cluster sampling technique, was used for (Anjur, Kollamedu, Nallambakam, Karanaipuducherrry tribes) of kancheepuram district, with 1 month duration (November- December 2019), Data on demographic factors (gender, age, educational attainment, marital status, family status, occupation, monthly wage, and religion) were collected from 85 samples' homes using structured questioning. Biometric measurements taken were height, weight and blood pressure 2 readings with 10 minutes interval on left arm, average was taken measurement more than 140/90mmofhg is considered as hypertension. Result: Tribal prevalence of hypertension was 16.5% , abnormal BMI 45.9%, with the age group 35-49 years (47.1%), 91.8% married, self employed 50.6%, 94.6% of samples with monthly salary 1500-4500, 67.1% nuclear family and mostly among Hindus 98.8%.Conclusion: There is a positive correlation with BMI and hypertension, when BMI increases the systolic and diastolic blood pressure increases and vice versa. Health education and routine check ups should be focused on tribal population.