Management Of A Capillary Hemangioma In The Maxillary Anterior Region Of A Young Female Patient - A Case Report
Hemangioma is a vascular anomaly, with an incidence rate of 0.1% - 0.5% among all intraoral neoplasms (1). It has a characteristic proliferation of blood vessels and is considered as a ‘benign neoplasm’ of the oral cavity. Origin of a hemangioma is from the endothelium. There are two common variants of hemangiomas, i.e., the capillary and the cavernous types. (2,3)The etiopathogenesis of these lesions were explained in literature reports by various hypotheses. Prado BN et al., stated that the expression of endothelial markers and transcriptomes elicited by hemangiomas have a similarity with those expressed by placental trophoblasts. These trophoblasts have a high potential for angiogenesis and promote increased vascular proliferation activity in the placental region by producing vasoactive substances. Hence, the authors proposed that hemangiomas originate from placental trophoblast embolism, which indirectly originates from tropho-ectoderm (3). Pedron et al associated the origin of hemangiomas from the endothelial precursor cells, which are capable of clonal duplication into a range of cytokines that aid in vascular repair and are also associated with vascular pathologies. (4)
Hemangiomas present frequently as clinically asymptomatic swelling/enlargements, but rarely are associated with bleeding, ulcers and secondary infections that need intervention.(5)The current case report describes the diagnosis and management of a capillary hemangioma in the maxillary anterior region of a young individual.
- 2022-11-14 (2)
- 2022-11-14 (1)