Assess The Prevalence Of Visual Acuity Impairment Among School Children In Selected Community, Puducherry
The human eye is a vision organ, and having good vision is vital to easily carrying out daily activities. It is crucial for language development and has an impact on developmental learning, communication, working, health, and overall quality of life. The eye is not only the most attractive but also the most crucial sensory organ in the human body, accounting for four fifths of all sensory impressions. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of visual acuity impairment among school children in selected community, Puducherry.
Methods: This was a community based cross-sectional study conducted among school children in selected community. Convenient sampling technique was used for selecting study participants aged 10 15 years in selected community, Muthialpet. The vision of the school children was examined for visual acuity using standard Snellen chart. It took 2 week to complete the eye check up for 400 children. The obtained data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The results showed that the majority of subjects 287(71.75%) had normal vision 6/6 at right eye. 73(18.25%) of subjects had 6/9 at right eye. 27(6.75%) of subjects had 6/12 at right eye. Only 13(3.25%) of subjects had 6/18 to 6/36 at right eye. Distribution of the subjects based on their visual acuity at left eye, the majority of subjects 287(71.75%) had normal vision 6/6 at left eye. 80(20%) of subjects had 6/9 at left eye. 22(5.5%) of subjects had 6/12 at left eye. Only 11(2.75%) of subjects had 6/18 to 6/36 at left eye. distribution of the subjects based on their visual acuity status (person wise). 273 (68.25%) of subjects had normal vision. 28(7%) of subjects had affected with one eye visual acuity impairment. 99(24.75%) of subjects were affected with two eye visual acuity impairment.
Conclusion: Regular eye screening program in community is necessary to detect and prompt treatment of eye problems in children at early age and this will help to prevent children from developing amblyopia in the community.
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- 2022-11-14 (1)