Is Endometrial Thickness Is A Predictor Of Infertility?
Background: Infertility remains a great social, economic and social problem since long. The specialist and experts of every field contribute their part to either reduce its unfavorable outcomes or cure it. In such situation the experts of ultrasound also put forward their services to find solution for this great problem. With the advent of ultrasound now it is too easy to observe uterus, ovaries, and endometrium etc. As endometrium is under the hormone activities and prepare for the implantation zygote and if not prepared remain deprived of implantation. This research is therefore trying to the evaluate the role of endometrium in infertility.
Objective: To find if endometrial thickness at proliferative phase is a predictor of infertility.
Material and methods: It was Cross sectional analytical study conducted at University Ultrasound clinic, Green town Lahore and Gilani Ultrasound Center, Lahore for the duration of 9 months. 170 females were included. Convenient sampling technique was used. Group I: All the married infertile females in proliferative phase. Group II: All married fertile females in proliferative phase. All married infertile females with any abnormality were excluded.
Results: The infertile group has a mean endometrial thickness of 4.9875 mm with a standard deviation of 1.36404 mm, while the fertile group has a mean endometrial thickness of 7.2111 mm with a standard deviation of 2.07984 mm. Results suggest that the endometrial thickness between the fertile and infertile groups appears to be considerably different, with the fertile group having a thicker endometrium than the infertile group.
Conclusion: Study concluded that the thin endometrium is less favorable to implantation than thick endometrial. These findings suggest that endometrial thickness is an important factor in fertility, and that individuals with thinner endometrial linings may have a higher risk of infertility.