Current Panorama Of (In) Equality With Women In The World: A Multivariate Analysis Of Gender Indicators
This article studies the behavior of 9 gender indicators through a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Biplot graphs, to identify the differences between 156 countries according to their income levels, and to describe the multivariate variations and covariations observed. The results show that developing countries continue to face challenges in reducing maternal mortality, controlling high fertility rates, and facilitating access to modern family planning methods. In contrast, middle and high-income countries seek to overcome gender inequalities in the labor market and political sphere. Therefore, it is vital to continue generating social and public policy actions to ensure that all women have the same opportunities and rights as men. Only then will it be possible to achieve sustainable development in the world.