Study Of Effect Of Parity On Psycho-Social And Physical Health Of Pregnant Women. Ajdabya And Benghazi – 2020
Background: Psychosocial stress in pregnancy is defined as “the imbalance that a pregnant woman feels when she cannot cope with demands and is expressed both behaviourally and physiologically.” Pregnant women is more liable for this imbalance due to the presence of foetus, physiological changes and differences occurring within the family and social life.
Aims: To compare the difference in psycho-social and physical health between primigravida and multi para women.
Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study of a convenient sample 1.10. 2019 to 31.3.2020.
Results: Physical health of the cases pre and post partum during antenatal period 12.7% showed poor overall scores of physical health while 86% have good overall scores. During postpartum period 38.8% with poor scores and 61.2% with good scores. 52.2% showed poor score of psycho-social health and 44.3% good scores. During postpartum period 27.8% with poor scores and 61.6% with good scores. Antenatal psychosocial health found to be significantly and closely related to postnatal psychosocial health. Antenatal physical health for primi gravida compared to multi para is not statistically significant. Likewise postnatal physical health. Antenatal psycho-social health was significantly worse in multi para as compared to primi gravida. while Post-natal psycho-social health was not significantly different. Multigravida reported higher frequency of Antepartum stress and depression.
Conclusion: Comparing depression, stress and anxiety showed that primigravida women have better psychological health and less depression and stress during pregnancy, while anxiety seems to be not significantly different.