E-ISSN 2229-7723 | ISSN 0976-9234
 

Original Article 


Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study)

Rusnoto, Bhisma Murti, Reviono, Vitri Widyaningsih, Eti P. Pamungkasari.

Abstract
WHO estimates that nearly 40% of all patients with TB are under-reported to local or national TB surveillance programs every year. Indonesian TB Jetset (Research Network) in 2018 stated Indonesia ranked 2nd in the top ranking of tuberculosis case discovery, in Indonesia in 2017 the incidence of TB cases was 1,020,000, the number of cases detected was 710,000 or (70%), so that 310,000 or 30% undetected. This study aims to determine what influences the occurrence of under-reporting cases Hospital TB in Kudus and develop predictive index of under-reporting tuberculosis. Moreover, this study is expected to help eliminate the under-reporting cases 10%rate of tuberculosis that occurred in Kudus from the 44% proportion that occurred nationally based on the MDGs 2017 WHO targets and the targets of the national TB control program contained in the 2014 National Tuberculosis Control Guidelines. This study uses a mix-method of sequential explanatory design. In this quantitative study, we assessed nine indicators of unreported tuberculosis cases to determine how many indicators were associated with unreported cases. The number of samples in this quantitative study was 700 tuberculosis cases recorded at SITB DKK Kudus Regency and medical record data for tuberculosis cases in seven hospitals in Kudus. Meanwhile, qualitative research explores perceptions and information from medical personnel and hospital doctors regarding the reasons for choosing the underreporting case indicator. The number of informants in the qualitative research was 35 informants consisting of specialist doctors, general practitioners, nurses and hospital staff. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed for quantitative data, and content analysis for qualitative data. The findings of the quantitative and qualitative sections of the study were mixed in interpretation. The results showed that there were six indicators that affected under-reporting including: Competency of doctors in SITB was good (OR=0.09; CI95%= 0.05 to 0.17; p<001), Competence of health workers in SITB was good (OR=0.05; CI95% = 0.02 to 0.09; p<001), Commitment of health workers in SITB was strong (OR=0.13; 95% CI= 0.07 to 0.24; p<001), and AFB positive patient status (OR=0.35; 95% CI= 0.18 to 0.67; p=0.002). While the results of the qualitative research support the finding that most health workers and doctors who handle tuberculosis cases in hospitals in Kudus do not have SITB certificates, both nationally and regionally, only a few have attended training and have certificates. There is no integration between the SIM Hospital with SITB Hospital or DKK which causes the occurrence of under-reporting of high tuberculosis cases in Kudus. It can be concluded that there are six indices associated with underreporting cases of tuberculosis in Kudus Hospital.

Key words: Under-reporting, Tuberculosis, Hospital


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rusnoto, BM, R, VW, Pamungkasari EP. Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study). PNR. 2022; 13(2): 13-22. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003


Web Style

Rusnoto, BM, R, VW, Pamungkasari EP. Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study). https://www.pnrjournal.com/?mno=13010 [Access: August 11, 2022]. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rusnoto, BM, R, VW, Pamungkasari EP. Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study). PNR. 2022; 13(2): 13-22. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rusnoto, BM, R, VW, Pamungkasari EP. Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study). PNR. (2022), [cited August 11, 2022]; 13(2): 13-22. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003



Harvard Style

Rusnoto, , . B. M., , . R., , . V. W. & Pamungkasari, . E. P. (2022) Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study). PNR, 13 (2), 13-22. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003



Turabian Style

Rusnoto, Bhisma Murti, Reviono, Vitri Widyaningsih, and Eti P. Pamungkasari. 2022. Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13 (2), 13-22. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003



Chicago Style

Rusnoto, Bhisma Murti, Reviono, Vitri Widyaningsih, and Eti P. Pamungkasari. "Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study)." Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results 13 (2022), 13-22. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rusnoto, Bhisma Murti, Reviono, Vitri Widyaningsih, and Eti P. Pamungkasari. "Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study)." Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results 13.2 (2022), 13-22. Print. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rusnoto, , . B. M., , . R., , . V. W. & Pamungkasari, . E. P. (2022) Determinant Indicators of Under-Reporting Case of Tuberculosis (A Mix Method Study). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13 (2), 13-22. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.003